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Post-disaster resilience : lessons learned from the Deepwater Horizon oil...

Title: Post-disaster resilience : lessons learned from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill / Lynn M. Grattan.
Variant Title: Title on PowerPoint screen: Recent advances in resilience research : lessons from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Author(s)/Relationship(s): Grattan, Lynn M., author.
Publisher: [Bethesda, Md.] : [National Institutes of Health], [2013]
Related Names: National Institutes of Health (U.S.). Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, issuing body.
Series: BSSR lecture
Description: 1 online resource (1 streaming video file (47 min.)) : color, sound.
Content Type: two-dimensional moving image
Media Type: computer
Carrier Type: online resource
Language: eng
Electronic Links:
MeSH Subjects: Disaster Victims --psychology
Resilience, Psychological
Emergencies --psychology
Petroleum Pollution
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic --psychology
Southeastern United States
Summary: (CIT): The psychological and behavioral consequences of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill disaster may be among the most widespread, long term and costly of all oil spill-related impacts. However, many people are resilient, and understanding the factors associated with better recovery are needed to guide prevention and early intervention activities. Toward this end, a cohort of NE Gulf Coast residents were studied with standard psychological, psychosocial, and risk perception measures during the oil spill and for one, two, and three years thereafter. Combining the results of several of these studies suggests that: elevated levels of mental health problems were found up to two years post spill; environmental risk perception was actually worse one year post spill than during the oil spill; income stability, higher self-reported resilience, lower environmental risk perception, and fewer lifetime stressors were associated with better mental health outcomes. Within the context of methodological challenges associated with post-disaster research, the possibility is raised that oil spills are protracted disasters, and that individual resilience is a complex process extending beyond individual strengths, weaknesses and perceptions to involve economic, community, and cultural variables. These factors support an "activation" model of resilience currently in development.
Notes: Title from title screen.
NLM Unique ID: 101622787
Other ID Numbers: (DNLM)CIT:18220


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